Skinner, M., Ceuppens, P., White, P. et al. 2019. Social-housing and use of double-decker cages in rat telemetry studies. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 96, 87-94.

Rat telemetry is widely used for biomedical research purposes and is used routinely in early pre-clinical drug development to screen for the potential cardiovascular risk of candidate drugs. Historically, these studies have been conducted in individually housed conditions which can impact significantly on an animal's welfare. Here we present data from a survey of pharmaceutical companies and contract research organisations to define current industry practices relating to the housing of rats during telemetry studies and to expand and complement a similar project in non-rodents. Results of the survey showed that 75% of respondents socially house rats on non-recording days of telemetry studies, whereas on recording days only 46% of respondents socially house the animals. When social housing is used on rat telemetry studies, rats are usually housed with an unrecorded companion animal. We also present and compare data from a telemetry study in standard individually ventilated cages (IVCs) with a study using new double-decker IVCs, both conducted using a companion animal approach. Telemetry signals were successfully collected from the double-decker IVCs without a loss of signal quality whilst offering a more spacious environment that allowed the animals to exhibit natural behaviours including full upright posture. Cardiovascular responses following pharmacological intervention with verapamil were similar when assessed in the standard and double-decker cages. Power analysis was conducted on pooled data from the studies in socially housed animals with preliminary results showing the power of detection of drug-induced effects is equivalent to previously published data in individually housed rats. This illustrates that telemetry recordings can be made from rats in socially housed conditions within standard or larger double-decker cages for the for the collection of cardiovascular telemetry data.

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