Refinement Database

Database on Refinement of Housing, Handling, and Husbandry and Environmental Enrichment for Animals in Research

This database was created in 2000 and has been updated frequently over the years. It includes published articles, abstracts, book chapters, books, web pages, and slide sets.

Refinement is the attempt to enhance animal welfare and control extraneous variables that may increase research data variability.

Environmental enrichment is the provision of stimuli that promote the expression of species-appropriate behavioral and mental activities in an under-stimulating environment.

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