Chen, J., Xu, X., Dalhaimer, P. et al. 2022. Tetra-primer amplification-refractory mutationsystem (ARMS)—PCR for genotyping mouse leptin gene mutation. Animals 12(19), 2680.

Due to spontaneous deficiency in leptin, ob/ob mice are one of the most commonly used experimental animal models in diabetes research. In this study, we reported a quick and easy-to-conduct genotyping method using tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) to differentiate mice with a mutated allele from the wild-type genotype. The amplicon patterns of different genotypes are clearly visible and distinguishable on 1.5% agarose gel. This method can serve as a valuable tool to differentiate genotypes for breeding purposes, to maintain animal colonies, control the available space in the animal facility, and identify appropriate individuals for animal experiments.

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