Voros, G. B., Dauchy, R. T., Myers, L. et al. 2021. Effects of daytime blue-enriched LED light on physiologic parameters of three common mouse strains maintained on an IVC system. JAALAS 60(3), 259-271.

Light has been a crucial part of everyday life since the beginning of time. Most recently, light-emitting diode (LED) light enriched in the blue-appearing portion of the visible spectrum (465 to 485 nm), which is more efficient in energy use, is becoming the normal lighting technology in facilities around the world. Previous reports revealed that blue-enriched LED light at day (bLAD) enhances animal health and wellbeing as compared with cool white fluorescent (CWF) lighting. We hypothesized that bLAD, compared with CWF light, has a positive influence on basic physiologic indices such as food consumption, water consumption, weight gain, nesting behavior, complete blood count, and blood chemistry profile. To test this, we allocated 360 mice into equal-sized groups by sex, strain (C3H/HeNCrl, C57BL/6NCrl, BALB/cAnNCrl), lighting conditions, and 6 blood collection time points (n = 5 mice/sex/strain/lighting condition/time point). Food consumption, water consumption, body weight, nest location, and nest type were recorded every 3 d. At the end of the study, all mice were anesthetized over a period of 1 wk and blood was collected via cardiocentesis at 6 different time points. Overall, male C3H/HeNCrl consumed more food under bLAD conditions as compared with CWF conditions; male C3H/HeNCrl had lower cholesterol levels under bLAD conditions than under CWF conditions; female BALB/cAnNCrl mice had higher serum total protein under bLAD conditions than under CWF conditions; female C57BL/6NCrl mice had higher phosphorus levels under bLAD conditions than under CWF conditions, and female C3H/HeNCrl mice had a higher neutrophil count under bLAD conditions as compared with CWF conditions. Although sex and strain differences were found in various physiologic parameters under bLAD as compared with CWF lighting conditions, the differences were minimal. Thus, this study suggests that for these strains of mice, bLAD and CWF are largely equivalent with regard to indices of health and wellbeing, although some differences could affect research outcomes.

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