Lopez-Echeverria, G., Alamaw, E., Gorman, G. et al. 2023. Comparing three formulations of buprenorphine in an incisional pain model in mice. JAALAS 62(6), 531–537.

This study compared the therapeutic effects in mice of 3 different formulations of buprenorphine. These formulations were standard buprenorphine hydrochloride (Bup-HCL) and 2 different extended-release buprenorphine formulations (Bup-ER and Ethiqa-XR [Bup-XR]). Drugs were evaluated based on their ability to attenuate thermal hypersensitivity in a mouse plantar incisional pain model. We hypothesized that Bup-HCL would attenuate postoperative thermal hypersensitivity at 20 min after administration, and that Bup-ER and Bup-XR would attenuate thermal hypersensitivity at 40 min after administration. Male C57BL6/J mice were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups: 1) saline, 5 mL/kg SC, once; 2) Bup-HCL, 0.1 mg/kg SC, once; 3) Bup-ER, 1 mg/kg, SC, once; and 4) Bup-XR, 3.25 mg/kg, SC, once. Thermal hypersensitivity was assessed on the day before surgery and again on the day of surgery at 20, 40, 60, 90, and 120 min after drug administration. Thermal hypersensitivity after surgery was not different among the Bup-HCL, Bup-ER and Bup-XR groups at any timepoint. In addition, all buprenorphine treatment groups showed significantly less thermal hypersensitivity after surgery than did the saline group. Subjective observations suggested that mice that received Bup-ER or Bup-XR became hyperactive after drug administration (83 and 75% of mice tested, respectively). Our results indicate that Bup-HCL, Bup-ER, or Bup-XR attenuate thermal hyper- sensitivity related to foot incision by 20 min after administration.

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