Bertani, S., Donadi, A., Franchi, J. et al. 2023. Blood microsampling in cynomolgus monkey and evaluation of plasma PK parameters in comparison to conventional sampling. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 123, 107298.

Microsampling, a reduced volume sampling method, has successfully gained attention at the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) level and established benefits support its use in Toxicokinetic (TK) studies. These improved sampling techniques are less invasive and in large animal species improve animal welfare (refinement). To evaluate if the plasma concentrations of drugs were influenced by the blood sampling method, the traditional method from femoral vein and microsampling from tail vein in Cynomolgus monkeys were compared. The pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, Tmax and AUC) of four drugs (selected based on acid-base and volume of distribution properties) in non-human primate were correlated. The plasma samples were quantified using standard LC-MS/MS methods, qualified to evaluate the precision and accuracy before the analysis of real samples. The results reported in this work demonstrated the suitability of microsampling in supporting PK/TK studies in non-human primates. The data show that the exposure of drugs tested after blood collection using standard procedure from femoral vein and microsampling from tail vein is correlated and is not influenced by acid-base characteristics and volume of distribution.