Fall 2019

Fall 2019 Cover Photograph by Chien Lee, Minden Pictures
Volume
68
Number
3
About the Cover

A juvenile Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko). Though the animals are not currently considered endangered, extensive removals from the wild for the pet trade and use in traditional medicines have raised concern. At the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES CoP18), the species was added to CITES Appendix II to enable greater monitoring and control of the trade in these geckos. See page 12 for AWI’s review of the successes and setbacks of CITES CoP18.

Photograph by Chien Lee, Minden Pictures

Table of Contents

Wildlife

The 18 th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) took place in Geneva, Switzerland, in August. It began...
While delegates debated dozens of species listing proposals and other documents during CoP18, wildlife law enforcement officers, attorneys, and forensic scientists continued their efforts to combat wildlife crime in the field, courtroom, and laboratory. The...
In August, delegates at the 18 th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) delivered a historic victory for African elephants by voting...
While most news for imperiled species is quite dire this year, North America’s largest flying bird is bucking the trend. California condors came frighteningly close to extinction: in 1982, just 22 birds survived in the...
After significant public outrage regarding the Environmental Protection Agency’s decision to reauthorize M-44 “cyanide bombs” to kill predators, the agency reversed course. One week after the initial announcement, the agency said it was withdrawing the...
Stepping in where the US Department of Agriculture failed to act, Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring’s Animal Law Unit moved to enforce state cruelty laws and end the abuse of animals by an exhibitor in...

Animals in Laboratories

Neurobiologists at the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle may have uncovered one of the reasons why 90 percent of drugs that succeed in mice fail in humans. In a study published in the...
by Megan LaFollette and Dr. Brianna Gaskill New research out of Purdue University shows that the beliefs of laboratory animal personnel are highly associated with their implementation of welfare-enhancing enrichment techniques. This study focused on...
“What you have to do to lose your accreditation is basically give them the finger and say we’re not doing that. Otherwise they will work with you for years.” So stated, under oath, veterinarian Peggy...
In humans, play is considered to be a sign of happiness and good health, and has long been recognized as an important component of child development. Play continues into adulthood, where it may take the...
A new study published in the journal Science (Reinhold et al., 2019) reported that laboratory rats learned to play hide-and-seek with researchers at Humboldt University of Berlin, in a novel approach to studying the neural...
On July 1, 2019, the National Institutes of Health awarded Johns Hopkins University’s Veit Stuphorn another major grant to study the neural mechanisms involved in risk-taking in monkeys. In year one of this new five-year...
In September, the Environmental Protection Agency announced a plan to reduce and eventually eliminate its reliance on animal testing to assess the danger of chemicals. Currently, the EPA performs, or requires chemical companies to perform,...

Government Affairs

At long last, legislation to end equine abuse at horse shows received a vote in Congress. The Prevent All Soring Tactics (PAST) Act (HR 693) passed the House of Representatives by an overwhelming vote of...
In August, the Trump administration released final regulations that severely weaken critical Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections at a time when increased threats from habitat destruction and climate change necessitate full enforcement of the ESA....
Illinois has joined California, Nevada, and more than 30 countries worldwide in banning the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. SB 241, sponsored by Senator Linda Holmes (D-Aurora) and signed by Governor J.B. Pritzker on August 9,...
AWI President Cathy Liss joined Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL) and other animal welfare advocates in August at DuPage County Animal Services in Wheaton, Illinois, as Krishnamoorthi announced the introduction of legislation designed to protect animals...
Several states have added new protections for domestic violence survivors and their pets, bringing to 37 the number of states that allow for the inclusion of pets in domestic violence protection orders or include animal...

Marine Life

AWI has followed the saga of the Russian “whale jail” for over a year now. It began in summer 2018, when 90 beluga whales and 11 orcas were captured in the Russian Far East and...
The Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention) is the only legally binding environmental treaty in the region focused on the protection of biodiversity. Coordinated...
A new documentary, Long Gone Wild , marketed as the follow-up to the 2013 blockbuster Blackfish , is making the film festival rounds and is available on several streaming services. An interview with AWI’s Dr....
As for Blackfish itself, its impact continues to be felt in society. It has been six years since the film premiered and in that time several erstwhile corporate partners have severed ties with SeaWorld and...
Having failed to persuade the International Whaling Commission (IWC) at its September 2018 meeting to overturn its longstanding ban on commercial whaling, Japan left the IWC on June 30, 2019, after nearly seven decades of...
In early July, in response to a 2015 petition from AWI and the Center for Biological Diversity, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee (WHC) approved an “in danger” designation for Mexico’s Islands and Protected Areas of...

Companion Animals

Dogs dying from parvovirus, heat stroke, and renal failure caused by tick-borne disease. Dogs infested with fleas and ticks. Emaciated dogs living in feces-filled kennels and eating off the floor. The latest puppy mill horror?...

Farm Animals

As interest in farm animal welfare and environmental sustainability increases, more and more producers of meat, poultry, dairy, and egg products seek to assure potential customers—via claims on food packaging—that their animals are raised using...
Oregon and Washington recently joined California in passing laws to ban the use of cruel battery cages to confine egg-laying hens. Twenty million hens in these three states, as a consequence, will be free from...
An inspection report from August 6 for the US Meat Animal Research Center (MARC) documents extreme neglect of animals, including “repeated failures” to follow veterinarian instructions. Underfed ewes deteriorated so badly over the course of...
Recent undercover investigations conducted by animal welfare organizations at Indiana, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, and Texas dairies have revealed horrendous conditions for cows on these farms. The investigations reveal extreme abuse, inhumane handling, routine neglect of calves,...

Reviews

William McKeever / HarperOne / 320 pages William McKeever’s Emperors of the Deep: The Ocean’s Most Mysterious, Most Misunderstood, and Most Important Guardians highlights the significance of sharks to the oceans’ delicate ecosystems and reveals...
Joel Sartore / National Geographic / 400 pages Joel Sartore is a gifted wildlife photographer. Fifteen years ago, events in his personal life meant he could no longer travel internationally to photograph wildlife in their...
Sandra Markle / Millbrook Press / 40 pages Performing noninvasive studies of wild animals can be tricky. The task becomes even more challenging when the subject of the study mainly lives in the canopy of...

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