Yolles, J. N., Lee-Stubbs, R. B. 2021. Comparison of direct and indirect methods of measuring arterial blood pressure in healthy, anesthetized African green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops). JAALAS 60(2), 229-237.

Quantitative blood pressure measurement is a critical parameter for assessing cardiovascular health, monitoring physiologic status under anesthesia, and making clinical decisions. The placement of an arterial catheter is the most accurate way to measure blood pressure, but is invasive and perhaps uncomfortable for the patient, requires sedation or anesthesia, and is technically challenging for staff. Noninvasive devices and methods, including oscillometry, high-definition oscillometry, and Doppler flow can be used to measure blood pressure. However, the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine guidelines state that blood pressure should be measured using devices that have been validated in the species of interest and under the circumstances in which the measurement is being made. The alternatives listed above have not been validated in this manner. The objective of this study was to compare indirect ultrasonic Doppler flow detection and oscillometric blood pressure measures with direct arterial measurement in 8 healthy, anesthetized African green monkeys using the methods of Bland-Altman to assess agreement. Our results indicated that neither Doppler flow nor oscillometry consistently estimates direct blood pressure measurements in anesthetized African green monkeys. In 6 female monkeys, which weighed less than the 2 male subjects, the indirect Doppler measurement more closely predicted direct mean arterial pressure, indicating Dop- pler flow may be useful for monitoring mean arterial pressure in small patients.