Cooke, G. M. 2017. Stereotypic behavior is not limited to terrestrial taxa: A response to Rose et al. Journal of Veterinary Behavior 22, 17-18.

This comment is in response to a recent review of stereotypical behavior in captive exotic animals (Rose et al., 2017). Negative stereotypical behavior occurs across most if not all taxa, including notable aquatic invertebrates. A useful discussion of animal suffering cannot occur if we continue to ignore phylogenetically distant animals, especially when relevant information is becoming more easily available. Those interested in animal welfare and suffering must devise a plan and means to ensure all taxa are represented in such surveys and in the literature and that their behaviors are assessed in ways meaningful to the species.