Abnormal/Problematic Behavior

Includes stereotypies, self-injurious behavior, hair pulling (alopecia), barbering, feather pecking, tail biting, etc.

Cambrelen, D., Nelson Slater, M. 2023. Case study: Modifying repetitive behavior in a polar bear (Ursus maritimus). Zoo Biology 42(3), 390–396.

Stereotypic pacing in zoo-housed carnivores has been intensively researched for decades, revealing that it is a subtly complex behavior with a highly variable etiology. While pacing can be an indicator of poor welfare, it can...