The picture for marine mammals isn’t entirely rosy, however. After 45 years as the nation’s premier law protecting marine mammals, the MMPA faces several attacks in Congress. Of particular concern are HR 3133, the Streamlining Environmental Approvals (SEA) Act, and HR 4239, the Strengthening the Economy with Critical Untapped Resources to Expand (SECURE) American Energy Act, both of which would remove key protections afforded to marine mammals under the MMPA in order to relieve oil and gas companies of responsibility for harming wildlife and habitats. Especially outrageous is language added to HR 4239 in committee exempting these extractive industries from any accountability for the deaths of birds resulting from their activities. Although both bills have been reported out of committee, they have few supporters and floor consideration has not been scheduled.