Farm Animal Anti-Confinement Legislation

Farm Animal Anti-Confinement Legislation - Photo by Mercy for Animals

Millions of pigs, calves, and chickens are forced to spend their lives confined in spaces so small they can't even turn around. Gestation crates, veal crates, and battery cages prevent animals from performing natural behaviors, thus causing injuries and significant physical and psychological stress.

A growing number of states are passing legislation to prohibit intensive confinement crates for calves raised for veal and gestating sows, and battery cages for egg-laying hens.

States restricting or prohibiting intensive confinement:

  • Arizona: Passed a 2006 ballot measure to phase out veal and gestation crates.
  • California: Passed a 2008 ballot measure to phase out veal crates, gestation crates, and battery cages. Passed legislation in 2010 prohibiting the sale of eggs that come from caged hens.
  • Colorado: Passed legislation in 2008 to phase out veal and gestation crates.
  • Florida: Passed a 2002 ballot measure to phase out gestation crates.
  • Kentucky: Passed regulations in 2014 to phase out veal crates.
  • Maine: Passed legislation in 2009 to phase out veal and gestation crates.
  • Massachusetts: Passed a 2016 ballot measure to phase out veal crates, gestation crates, and battery cages, as well as prohibiting the sale of meat and eggs that come from animals confined in those conditions.
  • Michigan: Passed legislation in 2009 to phase out veal crates, gestation crates, and battery cages.
  • Ohio: Passed regulations in 2010 to limit the use of veal crates, gestation crates, and battery cages.
  • Oregon: Passed legislation in 2007 to phase out gestation crates. Passed legislation in 2011 to expand the amount of space required for egg-laying hens.
  • Rhode Island: Passed legislation in 2012 to phase out veal and gestation crates.
  • Washington: Passed legislation in 2011 to expand the amount of space required for egg-laying hens.

In November 2018, California citizens will vote on a ballot measure to update the state’s anti-confinement law. The ballot measure strengthens the current anti-confinement language and prohibits the sale of meat and eggs that come from animals in extreme confinement.