William Moy Statten Russell (1925-2006)

Bill Russell, an esteemed leader in promoting alternatives to the use of animals in research, died on July 27. With his colleague Rex L. Burch, he introduced the concept of the "3Rs" in the groundbreaking 1959 book, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. Its guidelines found their way into the biomedical research establishment very gradually, but they are now recognized as both humane and as the essential ingredients of sound scientific methodology. Russell was a valued colleague and his work will remain an inspiration for students, researchers and scientists who regard animals in research laboratories as sentient beings who deserve to be treated with utmost care.

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