Winter 2004

Winter 2004 AWI Quarterly Cover - photo by Marlene Halverson/AWI
Volume
53
Number
1
About the Cover

On a brisk winter day, a young gilt on the Minnesota farm of Arvid and Lois Jovaag momentarily interrupts rooting for morsels with her companion to gaze at the camera. Soon, she will become a breeding sow and join the Jovaag's other sows to live in a cohesive social group. Unlike sows raised as youngsters in barren factory environments and housed in crates as adults, she has lived in free association with other pigs all her life. Her early social experiences will prepare her and her companions for a smoother integration into the larger group of sows they will join. In winter on the Jovaag farm, pregnant sows are housed indoors on fresh straw. In the summer, they live on wooded pastures. Although they are fed as a group, the enriched environment and social opportunities the Jovaags provide enable their sows to avoid the unresolved competition and excessive injuries recorded among group-housed sows in the recent study published by the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association and reviewed on pages 4-5.

Photo by Marlene Halverson/AWI

Table of Contents

Before leaving Washington for the winter holidays, Congress acted on a number of important bills related to animal protection.
In August 1997, an Alternative Swine Systems Task Force (ASSTF) was created at the University of Minnesota. State legislation had been introduced to fund research on technologies to deal with noxious odors from the state's...
In a dramatic clash between cultures and global sensitivities, animal activists filmed the annual roundup and slaughter of hundreds of dolphins and whales by Japanese fishermen in Taiji, Japan. The fishermen argue that they are...
Monkeypox entered America by way of exotic species imported primarily for the pet trade (see Summer 2003 AWI Quarterly ). After more than 70 people contracted the disease and approximately a dozen people required hospitalization...
Building on the American public's growing opposition to the slaughter of horses, the Society for Animal Protective Legislation (SAPL) has joined forces with a diverse group of organizations to form the National Horse Protection Coalition...
For nearly a quarter of a century the Tibetan Antelope ( Pantholops hodgsonii ), popularly known as the "chiru" has received international protection under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). At long...
The future is grim indeed for the rarest canid in the world. Fewer than 500 Ethiopian wolves ( Canis simensis ) cling perilously to life in the East African nation of Ethiopia. These endangered animals,...
There is a Washington legend that everything of importance that happens in this town takes place at dinner parties. John Gleiber heartily concurs.
Ten years ago I led a delegation to Mexico City to negotiate with the amusement park Reino Aventura to give up Keiko the orca whale to a coalition dedicated to his release. Keiko had just...
In communities across America, animals in shelters are subjected to a life-and-death game of Russian Roulette. Some are reclaimed by their guardians, some are adopted by new loving families, and some are euthanized. It's easy...
Australia's international trade in live animals reached new heights of notoriety recently when 57,937 sheep on the M.V. Cormo Express were rejected by Saudi Arabia on the grounds they were diseased. The sheep then spent...
During the last half of the twentieth century, science expanded from being the foundation of technological progress, to becoming a source of guidance for ameliorating the resulting impacts. The marriage of science with public policy...
In mid-October 2003 the Summerlee Foundation teamed up with Earth Island Institute to convene a three day workshop in San Francisco with one focus-ending the international business of taking whales and dolphins from their families...
I was born in 1951, the same year as AWI. My maternal grandparents had a small farm in tidewater Virginia. At least 80% of what they consumed came from their own land and waters or...
The "Taiping Four" are young gorillas who had the misfortune to be caught up in the international live animal trade. They are now sitting behind the scenes at Taiping Zoo, Malaysia, awaiting a decision on...
With a brush of (perhaps false) bravado, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Ann Veneman defiantly declared plans to serve beef at Christmas dinner, while admitting the presence of mad cow disease in the...
The United States, continuing to envelop developing countries' domestic markets, just concluded the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) with El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Costa Rica walked away from the negotiations.
It has been estimated that about 70% of the almost six million breeding sows in the US spend three-quarters of their adult lives confined in narrow, two foot by six and one-half foot gestation crates...