Spring 2004

Spring 2004 AWI Quarterly Cover - Photo by Cathy Liss
Volume
53
Number
2
About the Cover

Are bears safe anywhere on earth? Not as long as there is a bounty on their heads… or in some cases, on their internal organs. Alaskan bears, including this brown bear photographed by AWI’s president, Cathy Liss, are killed for sport by trophy hunters, and are indiscriminately slaughtered for their gallbladders, which are used in traditional medicine in Asian communities in the United States and abroad. Poaching for bear parts remains a nationwide problem exemplified by a recent undercover investigation and series of arrests for bear poaching and illegal commercialization of bear parts in Alaska. Almost simultaneously, a similar wildlife law enforcement operation was announced in the Shenandoah Mountains of Virginia some 4,000 miles away. For some populations, there is just as much risk from the sport hunter. Grizzly bears in British Columbia (BC), for instance, increasingly have become imperiled by hunters’ bullets and habitat destruction. Thankfully, the European Union has stopped allowing grizzly imports from BC in an effort to stabilize and strengthen the province’s population. (See stories, pages 12-13.)

Photo by Cathy Liss

Table of Contents

The Animal Welfare Institute and the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) requested grant proposals for Animal Welfare Enhancement Awards for studies intended to improve housing, handling and/or experimental conditions for animals...
New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra once famously opined, "It's like déjà vu all over again." And so it is with bear poaching in America. Three years after a successful operation in the Shenandoah National...
Late in her book Beluga Days: Tracking a White Whale's Truths , Nancy Lord describes her reaction to seeing 35 beluga whales beached and slaughtered during a native subsistence hunt. She writes, "Later, I would...
Film and television star, Bo Derek was recently on Capitol Hill in support of legislation to stop the slaughter of horses.
Grizzly bears have been reduced to less than 2% of their former range in the continental United States, and remaining populations in the lower 48 states and Canada are under increasing threat as hunting, other...
In May 2003, West Central Research and Outreach Center (WCROC), University of Minnesota, completed a new housing system for sows and piglets. Formerly a dark, smelly structure for housing pigs over a liquid manure pit,...
A cow being stunned with a mechanical captive bolt. FSIS, USDA Ineffective stunning of animals is the most frequent violation of the Humane Slaughter Act (HSA) according to a General Accounting Office (GAO) Report released...
The following discussion took place on AWI's Laboratory Animal Refinement & Enrichment Forum [LAREF] in December 2003. Four animal technicians (AT-1,-2,-3,-4) of different research institutions in North America, one attending veterinarian of a North American...
This year a virulent bird flu spread across much of Asia killing 22 people. Over 100 million birds, including chickens, ducks, and lovebirds, died or were hurriedly slaughtered and then buried or burned to prevent...
The document I had been looking for came rolling off the fax in the morning of February 25, removing any doubt that the first intense chapter of a new campaign had indeed been closed, and...
The golden eagle struggled to escape the leghold trap, but his foot was held fast by the trap's steel jaws, and the trap was staked firmly to the ground by a long chain. The large,...