Fall 2004

Fall 2004 AWi Quarterly Cover
Volume
53
Number
4
About the Cover

In Jaws, sharks are described as possessing lifeless, black eyes. When the shark attacks, "The ocean turns red, and despite all your poundin' and your hollerin' those sharks come in and...they rip you to pieces." Today, the ocean has turned red from the blood of millions of sharks, including vulnerable great whites (Carcharodon carcharias) like the one pictured on our cover (click on image for larger view), photographed by Fred Bavendam off Australia's Neptune Islands. Some great white shark populations have declined significantly—individuals are slaughtered for their jaws, fins, teeth, and other body parts, and are targeted in sport fisheries throughout their range. Australia and Madagascar are petitioning the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to stop international trade in great whites while the species recovers, additional population information is attained, and national or international management programs can be developed. CITES Parties will consider 50 different species proposals when they meet in Bangkok, Thailand from October 2 14, 2004. For a copy of the full AWI Quarterly in PDF, click here.

Photo by Fred Bavendam

Table of Contents

Wildlife

The African lion ( Panthera leo ) is quite literally under the gun. There may be as few as 16,500 African lions left, with some national populations in West Africa already extinct. Kenya, in an...
The Yellow-crested cockatoo ( Cacatua sulphurea ), exploited historically for the international pet trade, barely survives in Indonesia's and Timor-Leste's forests. One subspecies on Masakambing Island was thought to number a meager five individuals as...
The Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) will take place from October 2 14, 2004 in Bangkok,...
The United States has long portrayed itself as a global leader in wildlife conservation, but this leadership is increasingly marginalized as a result of pressure from exploiters.
Wild birds are killing themselves by flying into buildings, power lines, cell, radio and television towers, and motor vehicles. Bird strikes at buildings can occur during the day or night. Nighttime strikes are restricted to...
Important reptile proposals will be considered in Bangkok. Kenya is proposing to list two of its resident species: the Mt. Kenya bush viper and the Kenya horned viper, both of which are collected for international...

Animals in Laboratories

Good: After more than five years, modest regulatory changes were finalized which will close existing loopholes and improve USDA's ability to enforce the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), particularly at the premises of dealers and exhibitors.
Attention lab techs, animal techs, and all who work with laboratory animals: the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) and the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) have issued a call for proposals for...
The AVMA veterinarian's oath promises to "protect animal health and relieve animal suffering." Yet, the AVMA endorses the cruel gestation crate.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) added more charges of Animal Welfare Act violations to its complaint against licensed random source Class B dealer C.C. Baird and his family in Arkansas. Despite damning evidence...
It is almost impossible not to develop an affectionate relationship with the animals in one's charge and hence feel sadness, grief, and frustration if one of them is subjected to avoidable suffering and killed at...
This database disseminates inexpensive yet effective enrichment ideas and practical tips from the Laboratory Animal Refinement and Enrichment Forum (LAREF).
In May 1997 the International Primate Protection League (IPPL) received a message from someone who had just seen dozens of crated monkeys, including tiny babies, at Chicago's O'Hare Airport.

Government Affairs

For years SAPL has been fighting against and reporting on the attempts of the guns and ammo lobbying organizations to overturn long-standing and widely supported laws prohibiting the senseless shooting of mourning doves at the...

Marine Life

56 th IWC Annual Meeting, July 19 - 22, 2004
While charismatic terrestrial wildlife such as elephants or tigers often take center stage at CITES meetings, threatened and endangered marine life play a significant, often controversial and divisive role in the CITES debate.
Progress : Since our article on the plight of the Western Gray Whale population off Sakhalin Island, Sakhalin Energy has postponed plans to construct a pipeline this summer pending further environmental studies. This may be...

Companion Animals

In spite of living in the 21st century, Argentina is a country where horses are still used to haul carts with heavy loads. The economic and social conditions of Argentina are bad. Much of the...

Farm Animals

Investigations into agribusiness cruelty, led by Gail Eisnitz, Humane Farming Association (HFA), have culminated in the filing of petitions with the Attorneys General of South Dakota and Nebraska.