On August 3, 2001, Massachusetts Senator John Kerry and South Carolina Senator Ernest Hollings introduced S. 1380, the "North Atlantic Right Whale Recovery Act of 2001." Senator Kerry noted, "Right whales are at risk of extinction from a number of sources. These include, ship strikes, the number one source of known right whale fatalities, entanglement in fishing gear, coastal pollution, habitat degradation, ocean noise and climate change." The bill establishes whale recovery and priority action programs to reduce mortality from collisions with ships and in fishing gear, monitor populations, support regional recovery plans, and improve disentanglement programs. According to Senator Kerry, "I believe that now is the time to develop a comprehensive plan that spells out what we can do immediately to better protect these whales and focus our research efforts on innovative ideas and technologies that can identify whale migrations."