AWI Quarterly » 2000 Fall

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service acted on behalf of two of the world's most species this spring when it listed the koala and the Canada lynx as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Such a federal listing denotes a species that is likely to become endangered throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
The first American wildlife conservation law celebrates a century in force this year. The Lacey Act, authored by a Republican Congressman from Iowa named John Fletcher Lacey, prohibits the interstate and international trade in illegally taken wildlife.
A trio of stories from The New York Times in June 2000 reveals that brutal brawls between fighting birds are alive and well in the United States—not only in rural America, but also in enclaves of inner cities.
The fact that Japan buys the votes of small poor countries has long been a secret within the International Whaling Commission (IWC) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
The worldwide movement against the use of steel jaw leghold traps has gained powerful momentum in the United States. Protect Pets and Wildlife, a coalition of over 100 groups, including the Society for Animal Protection Legislation, has gathered 360,000 signatures, sufficient to qualify trapping initiatives for inclusion in statewide ballots in both Oregon and Washington.
In an ongoing attempt to abdicate its responsibility of inspecting meat and poultry production, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) initiated an experimental inspection program that allows the industry to regulate itself. Under the pilot project, slaughterhouse employees replace USDA inspectors in performing on-line meat and poultry inspections.
When you think of Ruth Harrison, who died at age 79 on June 13 at her London home, your immediate thought would be of her long crusade against factory farming. But you could also think of Henry Salt, Mahatma Gandhi, George Bernard Shaw, Rachel Carson and Richard Ryder—movers and shakers, all.
According to a release from the Australian Action Animal Rescue Team a seven-member team broke into PURE FOODS, Tasmania's largest battery hen producer on July 8, 2000. The ammonia and noxious fumes overpowered the team when entering the buildings, causing burning eyes, sore throats and difficulty in breathing.
George Brown, the distinguished California Congressman who was elected for the first time in 1963, led the long fight for justice for animals. Brown, who died on July 15, 1999, was a particularly outspoken advocate for farm animals.
In the fall of 1997, to demonstrate the abusive, inhumane and illegal methods in which animals are being trapped, Alaska wildlife biologist Gordon Haber released a video of a two-year old black wolf in a snare on a site that was covered with the carcasses of at least four dead caribou.
Fish and Wildlife Service officers at Baltimore-Washington International Airport in Maryland became suspicious when they saw labels on tins of Russian caviar begin to peel off. That suspicion led to the largest criminal penalty for wildlife smuggling for one of America's biggest caviar importers—US Caviar and Caviar Ltd.
Before our federal legislators escaped from Washington for their August recess, significant action was taken on three animal protection bills: the Great Ape Conservation Act, the Bear Protection Act and the Shark Finning Prohibition Act.
I estimate that 30 percent of the cows are not properly knocked [stunned] and get to the first legger alive….To still be alive at the second legger the cows have gone alive from the knocker to the sticker to the belly ripper...
In January of this year, AWI joined a coalition of 18 environmental and animal welfare groups led by Save the Manatee Club (SMC), in filing two federal lawsuits, one against the US Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the other against the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC),* both aimed at protecting the endangered Florida manatee and its shrinking habitat.