AWI Quarterly » 2005 Fall

Fall 2005 Volume 54 Number 4
Horses living in the Heber territory of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests in Arizona may be removed by the US Forest Service and sent to an auction that will put them at risk of slaughter.
The bad news is the global ozone layer is currently in its most fragile state, and recovery may be decades or longer away. An ozone hole roughly the size of North America continues to develop each year over Antarctica. This past winter, the ozone layer over the Arctic thinned to record low levels and alarmed scientific experts, some of whom fear an ozone hole may develop over the northern hemisphere within the next two decades.
It is with deep sadness that we report the death of Ben White. In 1997, the Animal Welfare Institute was fortunate to have Ben join our crew. Though a gentle soul, Ben was a revolutionary, with steely determination and a dedication to protect the animals and plants threatened by corporate-level avarice.
The outcome of June's International Whaling Commission (IWC) annual meeting, held in Ulsan, South Korea, was different from that of previous years. On paper, the pro-whaling nations had a simple majority—and while this was not enough to overturn the moratorium on commercial whaling, it could enable them to severely affect the meeting.
Culture, "the act of developing the intellectual and moral faculties especially by education," was once thought of as only a human trait. Today, we know it is present in some animal societies. However, only primates have demonstrated methods of tool use that are learned through culture—until now. Off the coast of Western Australia at Shark Bay, 15 bottlenose dolphins and seven of their offspring seem to pass on the behavior of using sea sponges as tools for protection.
Costa Rica has introduced regulations banning dolphin and whale captivity; "swim-with" programs are also now illegal. The country is renowned for its progressive approach to conservation, but this success is largely due to three years of hard work by Fundación Promar. The group's Pricilla Cubero Pardo provided a Spanish translation for our swim-with brochure, and we are pleased it was useful in the campaign.
In research, the size of the cages in which rabbits are kept is important, but the way their living quarters are enriched is just as significant. In fact, an unfurnished cage is so boring for rabbits that it may cause them to develop behavioral pathologies such as stereotypical bar gnawing, tail biting and hair pulling.
The Animal Welfare Institute is offering up to eight $6,000 Refinement Awards to North American residents, thanks to the generosity of an anonymous donor.
A paddock full of dehydrated pigs with foaming mouths was only one of the horrific sights Hussein S. Hussein witnessed at facilities owned by the University of Nevada at Reno (UNR).
Baird and his wife Patsy "knowingly and intentionally 1. received random source dogs and cats from prohibited sources… [and] 2. prepared false and fictitious paper and electronic acquisition records intended to deceive" by passing off random source animals as purpose-bred and using straw men to conceal the true source of animals.
Fall 2005 Quarterly News from the Hill. brought to you by the Society for Animal Protective Legislation
The Norwegian government claims about 80 percent of whales the country's hunters kill die instantly, and the remainder die within two minutes of the impact of the harpoon. Footage from a new film reveals this is not always the case. In May 2005, two investigators from the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) filmed a whale hunt off the northern tip of Norway. Susan Tomiak of the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) spoke with EIA Director Jennifer Lonsdale to hear how the film was made and why it's so important.
There's a terrible secret lurking alongside the smiling faces of clowns and acrobats at the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus.
We sadly inform you that world-renowned animal and environmental activist Ben White died in late July. A non-violent freedom fighter in what he called a 300-year war against nature, he had the conviction to use any means to make the world a better place. The eight years he spent protecting old-growth forests, whales, dolphins and other wildlife as a representative of the Animal Welfare Institute will never be forgotten—and his courage and dedication are already missed.